Cervical cancer is the second most common type of cancer that affects women, second only to breast cancer. It usually does not show any noticeable symptoms in most cases during the early stages of the disease. The common symptoms associated with cervical cancer may not be diagnosed until the disease becomes invasive and spreads to the surrounding tissues.
Cervical cancer may manifest itself in the form of abnormal cells around the opening of the cervix, referred to as cervical erosion. Cervical erosion occurs when glandular cells that are usually present inside the cervix grow out of the cervix into the vagina. It usually affects young girls, and women who are on the contraceptive pill or during their pregnancy. The disease may spread to the adjacent parts of the body. In such situations, Dr. Amish Dalal examines his patients and advises them according to what the situation requires.
Pap screening is necessary to detect the presence of abnormal cells in the cervix, so it can be treated at the early stages. It is often recommended that women opt for a routine Pap screening from the age of 21, so any growth of abnormal cells can be detected and treated at the earliest. Pap screening test is considered to be the most effective and reliable method of diagnosis till date, though they do not guarantee complete accuracy in detecting cervical cancer. Another diagnostic method is the HPV (Human Papillomavirus) screening test for detecting the presence of high-risk HPV strains that may be the root cause of cancer in the cervix. It is recommended for women above the age of 30. For patients who need any further treatment other than what is usually advised during the early stages, Dr. Amish Dalal reviews the patient’s condition and recommend the necessary course of treatment.
Common Symptoms of Cervical Cancer:
The symptoms that may be indicative of cervical cancer can be the symptoms of other diseases as well. For instance, infection in the cervix can also cause pain and bleeding. It is necessary to consult a health care professional and opt for the recommended medical tests to assuage any suspicion of cervical cancer. The earlier the diagnosis, the better may be the scope of starting on the treatment. If treatment other than chemotherapy is deemed to be necessary, Doctor Amish Dalal advises patients on the next line of treatment.
Some symptoms that may indicate cervical cancer are:
- Cervical erosion may lead to vaginal discharge – a white or brownish watery discharge with a foul odour or tinged with blood
- Sudden vaginal bleeding after vaginal sex, post menopause or during menopause
- Spotting and bleeding between menstruation cycles on consecutive months and comparatively heavier and longer menstruation
- Unusual pain during sexual intercourse
- Pain after pelvic examination
Symptoms of advanced stages of Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer may metastasize, that is, spread to the lymph nodes of the pelvis or other areas of the body, which can be manifested through the following symptoms:
- Fatigue and sluggishness
- Pain or swelling in the back or legs
- Unusual weight loss
- Bone fractures
- Leakage of faeces or urine from the vagina
- Loss of appetite
- Haematuria, or blood in urine
- Lack of bladder control
- Changes in bowel habits
- Severe pain in the back or side due to swelling in the kidneys, caused by a condition called Hydronephrosis
Rather than self-medication that may be detrimental to your health, seeing a healthcare professional for the right medical analysis. For necessary treatment, along with chemotherapy, patients can book an appointment with Amish Dalal at Jaslok Hospital, Breach Candy Hospital, Bhatia General Hospital, Saifee Hospital or Parsee General Hospital.
Book an appointment now.